It is understood by
the student whose Student Number is entered below that this examination is
given and the student’s response is made and submitted pursuant to the
conditions and provisions of the Honor Code.
Student Exam No. ______________
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI-KANSAS CITY
SCHOOL OF LAW
GENDER AND JUSTICE
Read each question carefully and pay close attention to what the
question is asking you to do. Discuss all issues presented by a question. Remember to argue
issues both ways. Do not engage
in a discussion of issues not raised.
I have included all of the facts I think you will need to answer the
questions. If a necessary fact is
missing, please identify it in your answer and explain how it affects your
conclusion. Nothing is intentionally ambiguous. If anything about a question appears to be ambiguous, decide
what you think is meant, tell me what you think is meant, and answer the
question accordingly. No
reasonable resolution of an ambiguity will be penalized.
Please write legibly, because I can only give credit if I understand what you
write. I can also only give credit for answers that are written in the
bluebook. Write your exam number on each bluebook you use.
Think before you write. Organize
your answer. You get extra points
for clarity and succinctness. You
are penalized for an answer that is disorganized and confusing.
This examination consists of 6 pages. It is an open book examination.
In answering this exam you may use your casebook, any supplementary materials
handed out for class, and any outlines or notes you yourself have prepared, in
whole or in part. You may not use
commercially prepared outlines or hornbooks.
The applicable law is the law of this State, the State of Bliss, which
consists of all cases and materials in your casebook and any cases or
materials discussed in class.
TURN IN THIS EXAMINATION WITH YOUR BLUE BOOKS.
It is an Honor Code Violation to copy or photocopy any part of this
exam or to fail to turn the exam itself in. Good luck!
Question 1: Multiple Choice
The “feminization of poverty” is a term used to describe the large
number of women who live in this situation. Women as a class are growing
increasingly poor. Of low income people as a group, the overwhelming majority
What (a) social forces and (b)
statutes, cases or legal doctrines that we have studied contribute to this
Does feminist legal theory offer any tools for addressing the feminization of
Please do not spend your time generally describing the various
different strands or camps of feminist legal theorists; instead, spend your
time specifically drawing on different theorists or theories in relation to
Question 3: Essay
Rochelle Galloway was a packer in the parts department of Generic
Motors (GM). Over the course of two years, her supervisor James Ballard
repeatedly referred to women as “bitches” and used the “F” word in
virtually every other sentence. At one point, when Galloway stepped into the
parts department and commented on how hot the area was, Ballard replied it was
not hot until she stepped into in. Galloway also alleges that during this
time, Ballard bumped her backside with a box of parts on one occasion, looked
at her chest during a meeting, asked her about her personal life on several
occasions, told her how beautiful she was, and once asked her out on a date
(she refused). Galloway
complained to Ballard’s superior, Matt DeAngelis, about the sexual vulgarity
that occurred throughout the workplace, stating that the repeated use of this
language made her “extremely uncomfortable.”
She also complained that Ballard’s “extra attention” made her
nervous. DeAngelis pointed out that Galloway herself had used swear words on
occasion in the workplace. She
replied that she was just trying to fit in and that she had not directed her
swear words to anyone in particular. DeAngelis
said he would speak with Ballard and tell him to stop swearing in public.
DeAngelis immediately called Ballard in to his office and asked him
about the situation. Then he
interviewed several other supervisors to determine the facts.
Finally, DeAngelis held a group meeting with the five supervisors in
the department and informed them of the situation, telling them that public
swearing and gendered comments were inappropriate.
He referred the supervisors to the posted sexual harassment policy. He also said that he considered this the one and only
warning, and if he heard any more complaints he would be compelled to transfer
or fire the subjects of the complaint. Then
he called Galloway into his office and told her how he had resolved matters
and if she had any further difficulties, to tell him directly.
After this meeting, Ballard steered a wide berth
around Galloway, although she claims he glanced angrily at her several times
and treated her coldly. She says
he never swore in her presence again. However,
Galloway says that Anne Kessler, a female co-worker, told her that Ballard
made comments about the situation to several male co-workers, who passed this
information along to Kessler. Since her conversation with DeAngelis, Galloway
claims she has been treated unfavorably by co-workers. She believes her
co-workers have shunned her, and that, in their informal division of job tasks
among themselves, her co-workers have been doing the more complex and
interesting job duties, leaving her the more menial tasks such as putting
parts in boxes, copying, maintaining files and working the phones. She
hesitates going to DeAngelis, because she thinks her co-workers have turned
Galloway has come to your office, wondering if she
has any legal claims (that we have covered this semester in class)?
Does she? What defenses
might be raised? How do you
evaluate the likelihood of her success on any claims she might make?
END OF EXAM.