It is understood by the student whose Student Number is entered below that this examination is given and the student's response is made and submitted pursuant to the conditions and provisions of the Honor Code.
Student Exam No. ______________
Professor Levit

Sources:You may use (1) the textbook and course supplement; (2) any materials handed out in class; (3) your class notes; and (4) any outlines, notes, or other materials you have prepared.
Help:You may not discuss the examination question with, or consult with, any other person. This examination is to be solely your own work. You may not do any research, either in the library, on the computer, or in any other form. Any questions about interpretation should be addressed to me. If the question could in any manner impair anonymity, it should be written and given to Kirsten Pauli, the Story suite secretary. I will respond in writing and you can obtain the response from Kirsten. Violation of the rules regarding consultation with others or with outside materials will be considered honor code violations. In addition, violation of rules regarding consultation, length or lateness will lead to assessment of penalties in grading.
Deadline:Your answer must be returned by Monday, December 7, 1997, at 9:00 a.m. to Kirsten Pauli, in the Story suite. You may submit the exam earlier if you desire. Be sure to sign the check-in sheet when you turn in your exam.
Format:Your answer must be typewritten, double spaced, on 8.5" x 11" paper with 1" margins on all sides. Do not exceed the word limit of 2,500 words. The 2,500 word limit applies cumulatively: you have 2,500 total words to divide among the questions. Include a word count at the end of the problem (use the word counter on your computer or count manually). I will penalize papers that exceed the word limit, fail to meet minimum readability requirements (e.g., grammar), fail to appear on time, or that in my judgment reflect an attempt to evade the spirit of these rules. Please number the pages and staple them together. Keep a copy of your exam answer.
Exam #:Use your exam number. Make sure your exam number is on all pages of your answer. You do not need to turn this exam in with your answer. You need not use a blue book.
Style:Your answer should be concise, organized and coherent. While references to theoreticians is encouraged, quotations are discouraged -- I want your words and analysis -- and citations are unnecessary.

1. In what ways does law contribute to the silencing or hiding of different facets of identity? In answering this question, please address both sex and sexual orientation. (50%)
2. From the perspective of someone disempowered on the basis of these identity characteristics, what political, social, and cultural effects does this legal silencing have? From the perspective of the government, are there good reasons for law to ignore these aspects of identity? (25%)
3. Irrespective of your answers to the other two questions, and assuming one wanted to regulate the behavior of private individuals, is there any way laws can constitutionally regulate cultural representations of those disempowered groups? (25%)
CUMULATIVE WORD LIMIT FOR ALL THREE QUESTIONS (divide the words among the questions as you see fit): 2,500 words